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Programming language: C#
License: MIT License
Tags: Protocols    
Latest version: v6.0.0

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README

DNS

A DNS library written in C# targeting .NET Standard 2.0. Versions prior to version two (2.0.0) were written for .NET 4 using blocking network operations. Version two and above use asynchronous operations.

Available through NuGet.

Install-Package DNS

Build Status

Usage

The library exposes a Request and Response classes for parsing and creating DNS messages. These can be serialized to byte arrays.

Request request = new Request();

request.RecursionDesired = true;
request.Id = 123;

UdpClient udp = new UdpClient();
IPEndPoint google = new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Parse("8.8.8.8"), 53);

// Send to google's DNS server
await udp.SendAsync(request.ToArray(), request.Size, google);

UdpReceiveResult result = await udp.ReceiveAsync();
byte[] buffer = result.Buffer;
Response response = Response.FromArray(buffer);

// Outputs a human readable representation
Console.WriteLine(response);

Client

The libray also includes a small client and a proxy server. Using the ClientRequest or the DnsClient class it is possible to send a request to a Domain Name Server. The request is first sent using UDP, if that fails (response is truncated), the request is sent again using TCP. This behaviour can be changed by supplying an IRequestResolver to the client constructor.

ClientRequest request = new ClientRequest("8.8.8.8");

// Request an IPv6 record for the foo.com domain
request.Questions.Add(new Question(Domain.FromString("foo.com"), RecordType.AAAA));
request.RecursionDesired = true;

ClientResponse response = await request.Resolve();

// Get all the IPs for the foo.com domain
IList<IPAddress> ips = response.AnswerRecords
    .Where(r => r.Type == RecordType.AAAA)
    .Cast<IPAddressResourceRecord>()
    .Select(r => r.IPAddress)
    .ToList();

The DnsClient class contains some conveniance methods for creating instances of ClientRequest and resolving domains.

// Bind to a Domain Name Server
DnsClient client = new DnsClient("8.8.8.8");

// Create request bound to 8.8.8.8
ClientRequest request = client.Create();

// Returns a list of IPs
IList<IPAddress> ips = await client.Lookup("foo.com");

// Get the domain name belonging to the IP (google.com)
string domain = await client.Reverse("173.194.69.100");

Server

The DnsServer class exposes a proxy Domain Name Server (UDP only). You can intercept domain name resolution requests and route them to specified IPs. The server is asynchronous. It also emits an event on every request and every successful resolution.

// Proxy to google's DNS
MasterFile masterFile = new MasterFile();
DnsServer server = new DnsServer(masterFile, "8.8.8.8");

// Resolve these domain to localhost
masterFile.AddIPAddressResourceRecord("google.com", "127.0.0.1");
masterFile.AddIPAddressResourceRecord("github.com", "127.0.0.1");

// Log every request
server.Requested += (sender, e) => Console.WriteLine(e.Request);
// On every successful request log the request and the response
server.Responded += (sender, e) => Console.WriteLine("{0} => {1}", e.Request, e.Response);
// Log errors
server.Errored += (sender, e) => Console.WriteLine(e.Exception.Message);

// Start the server (by default it listens on port 53)
await server.Listen();

Depending on the application setup the events might be executed on a different thread than the calling thread.

It's also possible to modify the request instance in the server.Requested callback.

Request Resolver

The DnsServer, DnsClient and ClientRequest classes also accept an instance implementing the IRequestResolver interface, which they internally use to resolve DNS requests. Some of the default implementations are UdpRequestResolver, TcpRequestResolver and MasterFile classes. But it's also possible to provide a custom request resolver.

// A request resolver that resolves all dns queries to localhost
public class LocalRequestResolver : IRequestResolver {
    public Task<IResponse> Resolve(IRequest request) {
        IResponse response = Response.FromRequest(request);

        foreach (Question question in response.Questions) {
            if (question.Type == RecordType.A) {
                IResourceRecord record = new IPAddressResourceRecord(
                    question.Name, IPAddress.Parse("127.0.0.1"));
                response.AnswerRecords.Add(record);
            }
        }

        return Task.FromResult(response);
    }
}

// All dns requests received will be handled by the localhost request resolver
DnsServer server = new DnsServer(new LocalRequestResolver());

await server.Listen();