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Description

Library for mapping *N*X TimeZone ID's (e.g. Europe/Amsterdam) to .Net's TimeZoneInfo classes. This mapping is one-way since, for example, Europe/Amsterdam maps to W. Europe Standard Time but W. Europe Standard Time could map to Europe/Stockholm or Arctic/Longyearbyen just as easily.

The library provides a simple static TimeZoneMap object that exposes 3 types of mappers, each described below under usage. The project is kept up-to-date with the latest mapping information as much as I can, but TimeZoneMapper can use the latest mapping information available online completely transparently.

TimeZoneMapper is available as a NuGet package and comes with (basic) documentation in the form of a Windows Helpfile (.chm).

Code Quality Rank: L5
Programming language: C#
License: MIT License
Tags: Globalization     Timezone     Cldr     Date and Time    
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README

TimeZoneMapper

Library for mapping *N*X TimeZone ID's (e.g. Europe/Amsterdam) to .Net's TimeZoneInfo classes. This mapping is one-way since, for example, Europe/Amsterdam maps to W. Europe Standard Time but W. Europe Standard Time could map to Europe/Stockholm or Arctic/Longyearbyen just as easily.

The library provides a simple static TimeZoneMap object that exposes 3 types of mappers, each described below under usage. The project is kept up-to-date with the latest mapping information as much as I can, but TimeZoneMapper can use the latest mapping information available online completely transparently.

TimeZoneMapper is available as a NuGet package and comes with (basic) documentation in the form of a Windows Helpfile (.chm).

Usage

The most basic example is as follows:

TimeZoneInfo tzi = TimeZoneMap.DefaultValuesTZMapper.MapTZID("Europe/Amsterdam");

This uses the static TimeZoneMap.DefaultValuesTZMapper to map the string to the specific TimeZoneInfo. The DefaultValuesTZMapper object uses a built-in resource containing the mapping information. If you want more up-to-date mapping information, you can use the OnlineValuesTZMapper.

TimeZoneInfo tzi = TimeZoneMap.OnlineValuesTZMapper.MapTZID("Europe/Amsterdam");

This will retrieve the information from the Unicode Consortium's latest CLDR data. There is a catch though: what if, for some reason, this information is not available (for example an outbound HTTP request is blocked, the data is not available (HTTP status 404 for example) or the data is corrupt (invalid XML for some reason))? Well, simple, we just use the OnlineWithFallbackValuesTZMapper!

TimeZoneInfo tzi = TimeZoneMap.OnlineWithFallbackValuesTZMapper.MapTZID("Europe/Amsterdam");

This will try to download the CLDR data from the Unicode Consortium and when that, for some reason fails, it uses the built-in values as fallback.

Note that an HTTP request will be made only once for as long as the TimeZoneMapper is around (usually the lifetime of the application). Also note that the TimeZoneMapper is case-*in*sensitive; the TimeZone ID Europe/Amsterdam works just as well as EUROPE/AMSTERDAM or eUrOpE/AmStErDaM.

Finally, when you want control over the actual CLDR data and where it is stored, how you cache it etc. you can use the CustomValuesTZMapper. Be sure to add the TimeZoneMapper.TZMappers namespace if you want to use this class. This class' constructor has 3 overloads demonstrated below:

// Overload 1: CustomValuesTZMapper(string, Encoding)

// Load XML from file
var mapper = new CustomValuesTZMapper("myfile.xml", Encoding.UTF8);
TimeZoneInfo tzi = mapper.MapTZID("Europe/Amsterdam");
// Overload 2: CustomValuesTZMapper(string)

// Get XML from database, cache, online resource, file, etc. or, in this case, "hard-coded":
string cldrdata = "<supplementalData><windowsZones><mapTimezones otherVersion=\"xyz\" typeVersion=\"zyx\">..."; 
var mapper = new CustomValuesTZMapper(cldrdata);
TimeZoneInfo tzi = mapper.MapTZID("Europe/Amsterdam");
// Overload 3: CustomValuesTZMapper(Stream)

// Use a Stream
using (var mystream = new GZipStream(File.OpenRead("myfile.gz"), CompressionMode.Decompress))
{
    var mapper = new CustomValuesTZMapper(mystream);
    TimeZoneInfo tzi = mapper.MapTZID("Europe/Amsterdam");
}

All you need to do is ensure the data you supply to the CustomValuesTZMapper is valid CLDR data (see [this example](TimeZoneMapper/ResourceFiles/windowsZones.xml))

Future

I will try to update the built-in resource every now-and-then.

Build status

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*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the TimeZoneMapper README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.