Programming language: C#
License: MIT License
Tags: Messaging     CQRS     Queue     Event     Query     DDD    
Latest version: v2.0.78

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The query-side counterpart of Brighter.

.NET Core NuGet

Usage with ASP.NET Core

In your ConfigureServices method, use AddDarker to add Darker to the container. ASP.NET Core integration is provided by the Paramore.Darker.AspNetCore package.

// This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    // Add Darker and some extensions.

    // Add framework services.

WARNING if you are using EFCore the DBContext DI Lifetime is scoped, for Darker to play nicely with EFCore and DI the QueryProcessor must also be registration as Scoped

 services.AddDarker(options =>
                    //EFCore by default registers Context as scoped, which forces the QueryProcessorLifetime to also be scoped
                    options.QueryProcessorLifetime = ServiceLifetime.Scoped;

This example uses the request logging integration provided by Paramore.Darker.QueryLogging and policy integration provided by Paramore.Darker.Policies. Have a look at the Startup.ConfigureServices method in the SampleApi project for more examples on how to use the integrations.

Inject IQueryProcessor and call Execute or ExecuteAsync to dispatch your query to the registered query handler.

using Paramore.Darker;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class FooController : ControllerBase
    private readonly IQueryProcessor _queryProcessor;

    public FooController(IQueryProcessor queryProcessor)
        _queryProcessor = queryProcessor;

    public async Task<IActionResult> Get(CancellationToken cancellationToken = default(CancellationToken))
        var query = new GetFoo(42);
        var result = await _queryProcessor.ExecuteAsync(query, cancellationToken);
        return Ok(result);
using Paramore.Darker;

public sealed class GetFoo : IQuery<string>
    public int Number { get; }

    public GetFoo(int number)
        Number = number;

Implement either QueryHandler<,> or QueryHandlerAsync<,> depending on whether you wish to execute your queries synchronously or asynchronously. For most control, you can also implement IQueryHandler<,> directly.

using Paramore.Darker;
using Paramore.Darker.Attributes;
using Paramore.Darker.Policies;
using Paramore.Darker.QueryLogging;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public sealed class GetFooHandler : QueryHandlerAsync<GetFoo, string>
    public override async Task<string> ExecuteAsync(GetFoo query, CancellationToken cancellationToken = default(CancellationToken))
        return await FetchFooForNumber(query.Number, cancellationToken);

Usage without ASP.NET

Register your queries and handlers with QueryHandlerRegistry and use QueryProcessorBuilder to configure and build a IQueryProcessor.

var registry = new QueryHandlerRegistry();
registry.Register<GetFoo, string, GetFooHandler>();

IQueryProcessor queryProcessor = QueryProcessorBuilder.With()
    .Handlers(registry, Activator.CreateInstance, t => {}, Activator.CreateInstance)

Instead of Activator.CreateInstance, you can pass any factory Func<Type, object> to constuct handlers and decorator. Integrations with some DI frameworks are available, for example SimpleInjector, as provided by the Paramore.Darker.SimpleInjector package:

var container = new Container();

var queryProcessor = QueryProcessorBuilder.With()
    .SimpleInjectoHandlers(container, opts =>


In this case you don't need to manually register queries or handlers as the integration allows scanning assemblies for matching types.