Code Quality Rank: L3
Programming language: C#
License: MIT License
Tags: Database     Nosql     Embed     Document     Store    
Latest version: v5.0.9

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LiteDB - A .NET NoSQL Document Store in a single data file

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LiteDB is a small, fast and lightweight .NET NoSQL embedded database.

  • Serverless NoSQL Document Store
  • Simple API, similar to MongoDB
  • 100% C# code for .NET 4.5 / NETStandard 1.3/2.0 in a single DLL (less than 450kb)
  • Thread-safe
  • ACID with full transaction support
  • Data recovery after write failure (WAL log file)
  • Datafile encryption using DES (AES) cryptography
  • Map your POCO classes to BsonDocument using attributes or fluent mapper API
  • Store files and stream data (like GridFS in MongoDB)
  • Single data file storage (like SQLite)
  • Index document fields for fast search
  • LINQ support for queries
  • SQL-Like commands to access/transform data
  • LiteDB Studio - Nice UI for data access
  • Open source and free for everyone - including commercial use
  • Install from NuGet: Install-Package LiteDB

New v5

  • New storage engine
  • No locks for read operations (multiple readers)
  • Write locks per collection (multiple writers)
  • Internal/System collections
  • New SQL-Like Syntax
  • New query engine (support projection, sort, filter, query)
  • Partial document load (root level)
  • and much, much more!


New UI to manage and visualize your database:



Visit the Wiki for full documentation. For simplified chinese version, check here.

LiteDB Community

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How to use LiteDB

A quick example for storing and searching documents:

// Create your POCO class
public class Customer
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
    public string[] Phones { get; set; }
    public bool IsActive { get; set; }

// Open database (or create if doesn't exist)
using(var db = new LiteDatabase(@"MyData.db"))
    // Get customer collection
    var col = db.GetCollection<Customer>("customers");

    // Create your new customer instance
    var customer = new Customer
        Name = "John Doe", 
        Phones = new string[] { "8000-0000", "9000-0000" }, 
        Age = 39,
        IsActive = true

    // Create unique index in Name field
    col.EnsureIndex(x => x.Name, true);

    // Insert new customer document (Id will be auto-incremented)

    // Update a document inside a collection
    customer.Name = "Joana Doe";


    // Use LINQ to query documents (with no index)
    var results = col.Find(x => x.Age > 20);

Using fluent mapper and cross document reference for more complex data models

// DbRef to cross references
public class Order
    public ObjectId Id { get; set; }
    public DateTime OrderDate { get; set; }
    public Address ShippingAddress { get; set; }
    public Customer Customer { get; set; }
    public List<Product> Products { get; set; }

// Re-use mapper from global instance
var mapper = BsonMapper.Global;

// "Products" and "Customer" are from other collections (not embedded document)
    .DbRef(x => x.Customer, "customers")   // 1 to 1/0 reference
    .DbRef(x => x.Products, "products")    // 1 to Many reference
    .Field(x => x.ShippingAddress, "addr"); // Embedded sub document

using(var db = new LiteDatabase("MyOrderDatafile.db"))
    var orders = db.GetCollection<Order>("orders");

    // When query Order, includes references
    var query = orders
        .Include(x => x.Customer)
        .Include(x => x.Products) // 1 to many reference
        .Find(x => x.OrderDate <= DateTime.Now);

    // Each instance of Order will load Customer/Products references
    foreach(var order in query)
        var name = order.Customer.Name;

Where to use?

  • Desktop/local small applications
  • Application file format
  • Small web sites/applications
  • One database per account/user data store



Change details for each release are documented in the release notes.

Code Signing

LiteDB is digitally signed courtesy of SignPath



*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the LiteDB README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.