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Description

This is intended for use on flickering tests, where the reason for failure is an external dependency and the failure is transient, e.g: - HTTP request over the network - Database call that could deadlock, timeout etc...

Whenever a test includes real-world infrastructure, particularly when communicated with via the internet, there is a risk of the test randomly failing so we want to try and run it again. This is the intended use case of the library.

If you have a test that covers some flaky code, where sporadic failures are caused by a bug, this library should not be used to cover it up!

Programming language: C#
License: MIT License
Tags: Testing     BDD     Integration    
Latest version: v1.2.0

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README

xRetry

Retry flickering test cases for xUnit and SpecFlow in dotnet.

pipeline status

When to use this

This is intended for use on flickering tests, where the reason for failure is an external dependency and the failure is transient, e.g:

  • HTTP request over the network
  • Database call that could deadlock, timeout etc...

Whenever a test includes real-world infrastructure, particularly when communicated with via the internet, there is a risk of the test randomly failing so we want to try and run it again. This is the intended use case of the library.

If you have a test that covers some flaky code, where sporadic failures are caused by a bug, this library should not be used to cover it up!

Usage: SpecFlow 3

Add the xRetry.SpecFlow nuget package to your project.

Scenarios (and outlines)

Above any scenario or scenario outline that should be retried, add a @retry tag, e.g:

@retry
Scenario: Retry three times by default
    When I increment the default retry count
    Then the default result should be 3

This will attempt to run the test until it passes, up to 3 times by default. You can optionally specify a number of times to attempt to run the test in brackets, e.g. @retry(5).

You can also optionally specify a delay between each retry (in milliseconds) as a second parameter, e.g. @retry(5,100) will run your test up to 5 times, waiting 100ms between each attempt.
Note that you must not include a space between the parameters, as Cucumber/SpecFlow uses a space to separate tags, i.e. @retry(5, 100) would not work due to the space after the comma.

Features

You can also make every test in a feature retryable by adding the @retry tag to the feature, e.g:

@retry
Feature: Retryable Feature

Scenario: Retry scenario three times by default
    When I increment the retry count
    Then the result should be 3

All options that can be used against an individual scenario can also be applied like this at the feature level.
If a @retry tag exists on both the feature and a scenario within that feature, the tag on the scenario will take precedent over the one on the feature. This is useful if you wanted all scenarios in a feature to be retried by default but for some cases also wanted to wait some time before each retry attempt. You can also use this to prevent a specific scenario not be retried, even though it is within a feature with a @retry tag, by adding @retry(1) to the scenario.

Usage: xUnit

Add the xRetry nuget package to your project.

Facts

Above any Fact test case that should be retried, replace the Fact attribute, with RetryFact, e.g:

private static int defaultNumCalls = 0;

[RetryFact]
public void Default_Reaches3()
{
    defaultNumCalls++;

    Assert.Equal(3, defaultNumCalls);
}

This will attempt to run the test until it passes, up to 3 times by default. You can optionally specify a number of times to attempt to run the test as an argument, e.g. [RetryFact(5)].

You can also optionally specify a delay between each retry (in milliseconds) as a second parameter, e.g. [RetryFact(5, 100)] will run your test up to 5 times, waiting 100ms between each attempt.

Theories

If you have used the library for retrying Fact tests, using it to retry a Theory should be very intuitive.
Above any Theory test case that should be retried, replace the Theory attribute with RetryTheory, e.g:

// testId => numCalls
private static readonly Dictionary<int, int> defaultNumCalls = new Dictionary<int, int>()
{
    { 0, 0 },
    { 1, 0 }
};

[RetryTheory]
[InlineData(0)]
[InlineData(1)]
public void Default_Reaches3(int id)
{
    defaultNumCalls[id]++;

    Assert.Equal(3, defaultNumCalls[id]);
}

The same optional arguments (max attempts and delay between each retry) are supported as for facts, and can be used in the same way.

Skipping tests at Runtime

In addition to retries, RetryFact and RetryTheory both support dynamically skipping tests at runtime. To make a test skip just use Skip.Always() within your test code.
It also supports custom exception types so you can skip a test if a type of exception gets thrown. You do this by specifying the exception type to the attribute above your test, e.g.

[RetryFact(typeof(TestException))]
public void CustomException_SkipsAtRuntime()
{
    throw new TestException();
}

This functionality also allows for skipping to work when you are already using another library for dynamically skipping tests by specifying the exception type that is used by that library to the RetryFact. e.g. if you are using the popular Xunit.SkippableFact nuget package and want to add retries, converting the test is as simple as replacing [SkippableFact] with [RetryFact(typeof(Xunit.SkipException))] above the test and you don't need to change the test itself.

Viewing retry logs

By default, you won't see whether your tests are being retried as we make this information available via the xunit diagnostic logs but test runners will hide these detailed logs by default.
To enable them you must configure your xUnit test project to have diagnosticMessages set to true in the xunit.runner.json. See the xUnit docs for a full setup guide of their config file, or see this projects own unit tests which has been set up with this enabled.

Contributing

Feel free to open a pull request! If you want to start any sizeable chunk of work, consider opening an issue first to discuss, and make sure nobody else is working on the same problem.

Developing locally

In an IDE

To build and run locally, always build xRetry.SpecFlowPlugin with the Release profile before the tests to ensure MSBuild uses the latest version of your changes when building the UnitTests project.

From the terminal

If you install make and go to the build directory, you can run the following command to run CI locally (run lint, build, run tests and create the nuget packages):

make ci

If that works, all is well!

Code formatting

Code formatting rules followed for xRetry are fairly standard for C# and are enforced during CI via dotnet format. You can see any non-standard rules in the [.editorconfig](.editorconfig) file. If you find your build fails due to this lint check, you can fix all formatting issues by running the dotnet format command from the root of the project.

Licence

[MIT](LICENSE)


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the xRetry README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.