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Description

Snapshooter is a flexible snapshot testing tool to simplify the result validation in your unit tests in .Net. It is based on the idea of Jest Snapshot Testing.

Programming language: C#
License: MIT License
Tags: Test     Testing     TDD     Assert     Csharp     MSTest     xUnit     NUnit     Snapshot-testing     Snapshot    
Latest version: v0.5.8

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README

Snapshooter

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Snapshooter is a snapshot testing tool for .NET Core and .NET Framework

Snapshooter is a flexible snapshot testing tool to simplify the result validation in your unit tests in .Net. It is based on the idea of Jest Snapshot Testing.

To get more detailed information about Snapshooter, go to the Snapshooter Docs

Getting Started

To get started, install the Snapshooter Xunit or NUnit nuget package:

XUnit

dotnet add package Snapshooter.Xunit

NUnit

dotnet add package Snapshooter.NUnit

Get Started

Assert with Snapshots

To assert your test results with snapshots in your unit tests, follow the following steps:

1. Add snapshot assert statement

Insert a snapshot assert statement Snapshot.Match(yourResultObject); into your unit test.

Example:

/// <summary>
/// Tests if the new created person is valid.
/// </summary>
[Fact]
public void CreatePersonSnapshotTest()
{
    // arrange
    var serviceClient = new ServiceClient();

    // act
    TestPerson person = serviceClient.CreatePerson(
        Guid.Parse("2292F21C-8501-4771-A070-C79C7C7EF451"), "David", "Mustermann");

    // assert
    Snapshot.Match(person);
}

2. Run the unit test to create a new Snapshot

The Snapshot.Match(person) statement creates a new snapshot of your result object and stores it in the __snapshots__ folder. The __snapshots__ folder is always next to your executed unit test file.

Snapshot name: <UnitTestClassName>.<TestMethodName>.snap

3. Review new snapshot

Review your new snapshot file __snapshots__/<UnitTestClassName>.<TestMethodName>.snap.

4. Run unit test to assert

Now the Snapshot.Match(person) statement will create again a snapshot of your test result and compare it against your reviewed snapshot in the __snapshots__ folder. The __snapshots__ folder is always next to your executed unit test file.

Mismatching Snapshot Handling

If your result object has changed and the existing snapshot is not matching anymore, then the unit test will fail. The unit test error message will point to the exact mismatching position within the snapshot.

In addition, in the snapshot folder __snapshots__ a subfolder with name __mismatch__ will be created. In this folder you can find the actual snapshot which is mismatching with the existing snapshot in the __snapshots__ folder. Therefore it is possible to compare the two snapshots with a text compare tool.

If the snapshot in the mismatching folder __mismatch__ is correct, just move it to the parent __snapshots__ folder (override the existing one).

Read More

Different Match-Syntax Possibilities

The default match syntax for snapshots is:

    Snapshot.Match(person);

However, we also could use the fluent syntax:

    person.MatchSnapshot();

Or we can use FluentAssertion's should() syntax:

    person.Should().MatchSnapshot();

For NUnit we will support the Assert.That syntax (Coming soon):

    Assert.That(person, Match.Snapshot());

Features

Ignore Fields in Snapshots Matches

If some fields in your snapshot shall be ignored during snapshot assertion, then the following ignore options can be used:

[Fact]
public void CreatePersonSnapshot_IgnoreId()
{
    // arrange
    var serviceClient = new ServiceClient();

    // act
    TestPerson person = serviceClient.CreatePerson("Hans", "Muster");

    // assert
    Snapshot.Match<Person>(testPerson, matchOptions => matchOptions.IgnoreField("Size"));
}

The fields to ignore will be located via JsonPath, therefore you are very flexible and you can also ignore fields from child objects or arrays.

Ignore Examples:

// Ignores the field 'StreetNumber' of the child node 'Address' of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, matchOptions => matchOptions.IgnoreField("Address.StreetNumber"));

// Ignores the field 'Name' of the child node 'Country' of the child node 'Address' of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, matchOptions => matchOptions.IgnoreField("Address.Country.Name"));

// Ignores the field 'Id' of the first person in the 'Relatives' array of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, matchOptions => matchOptions.IgnoreField("Relatives[0].Id"));

// Ignores the field 'Name' of all 'Children' nodes of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, matchOptions => matchOptions.IgnoreField("Children[*].Name"));

Assert Fields in Snapshots Matches

Sometimes there are fields in a snapshot, which you want to assert separately against another value.

For Example, the Id field of a 'Person' is always newly generated in a service, therefore you receive in the test always a Person with a new id (Guid). Now if you want to check that the id is not an empty Guid, the Assert option can be used.

/// <summary>
/// Tests if the new created person is valid and the person id is not empty.
/// </summary>
[Fact]
public void CreatePersonSnapshot_AssertId()
{
    // arrange
    var serviceClient = new ServiceClient();

    // act
    TestPerson person = serviceClient.CreatePerson("Hans", "Muster"); // --> id is created within the service

    // assert
    Snapshot.Match<Person>(testPerson, matchOption => matchOption.Assert(
                    fieldOption => Assert.NotEqual(Guid.Empty, fieldOption.Field<Guid>("Id"))));
}

The fields to assert will be located via JsonPath, therefore you are very flexible and you can also ignore fields from child objects or arrays.

Assert Examples:

// Assert the field 'Street' of the 'Address' of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, matchOption => matchOption.Assert(
                    fieldOption => Assert.Equal(15, fieldOption.Field<int>("Address.StreetNumber"))));

// Asserts the field 'Code' of the field 'Country' of the 'Address' of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, matchOption => matchOption.Assert(
                    fieldOption => Assert.Equal("De", fieldOption.Field<CountryCode>("Address.Country.Code"))));

// Asserts the fist 'Id' field of the 'Relatives' array of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, > matchOption.Assert(
                    fieldOption => Assert.NotNull(fieldOption.Field<string>("Relatives[0].Id"))));

// Asserts every 'Id' field of all the 'Relatives' of the person
Snapshot.Match<Person>(person, > matchOption.Assert(
                    fieldOption => Assert.NotNull(fieldOption.Field<string>("Relatives[*].Id"))));

The Snapshooter assert functionality is not limited to Xunit or NUnit asserts, it also could be used Fluent Assertions or another assert tool.

Concatenate Ignore & Asserts checks

All the ignore, isType or assert field checks can be concatenated.

[Fact]
public void Match_ConcatenateFieldChecksTest_SuccessfulMatch()
{
    // arrange
    var serviceClient = new ServiceClient();

    // act
    TestPerson person = serviceClient.CreatePerson("Hans", "Muster");

    // act & assert
    Snapshot.Match<TestPerson>(testPerson, matchOption => matchOption
            .Assert(option => Assert.NotEqual(Guid.Empty, option.Field<Guid>("Id")))
            .IgnoreField<DateTime>("CreationDate")
            .Assert(option => Assert.Equal(-58, option.Field<int>("Address.StreetNumber")))
            .Assert(option => testChild.Should().BeEquivalentTo(option.Field<TestChild>("Children[3]")))
            .IgnoreField<TestCountry>("Address.Country")
            .Assert(option => Assert.Null(option.Field<TestCountry>("Relatives[0].Address.Plz"))));
}

Using Snapshooter in CI-Builds

When running snapshooter tests in a CI-build you might want to ensure that a snapshots are correctly checked-in since otherwise tests without a snapshot will just create the initial snapshot and become green.

In order to fail tests that are without a snapshot on your CI-build you can set the snapshooter behavior to strict-mode by setting the environment variable SNAPSHOOTER_STRICT_MODE to on or true.

Community

This project has adopted the code of conduct defined by the Contributor Covenant to clarify expected behavior in our community. For more information, see the Swiss Life OSS Code of Conduct.